In 1970 a Desegregation Law was passed down to the St. Johns County School Board, making it mandatory for all public schools to have both white and African American students.

St. Augustine's City Hall is moved into the northern portion of the Lightner Museum, formally the Alcazar Hotel.

In 1987, the City of St. Augustine drafted the Archaeology Preservation Ordinance.

In 1995, The St. Augustine Historical Society opens a research library in the Segui-Kirby Smith House.

Amerigo Vespucci was onboard several voyages that explored the east coast of South America between 1499 and 1502.

Juan Ponce de Leon was the first Spanish explorer to record a visit to what is now Florida.

King Charles I of Spain contracted Ferdinand Magellan, to find a westward route to the Spice Islands for Spain.

Ponce de Leon returned to Florida in 1521, planning to establish a colony between the Caloosahatchee River and Charlotte Harbor on the west coast of Florida.

Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon established the first named European settlement in what is now the continental U.S., San Miguel de Gualdape.

Panfilo de Narvaez, Spanish Conquistador, led a failed expedition to Florida in 1527. Narvaez's expedition landed at Tampa Bay with 300 men in April 1528.

Francisco Pizarro, Spanish Conquistador, conquered the great Incan Empire in Peru. Pizarro founded the city of Lima, on January 6, 1535.

Hernando de Soto led an expedition to Florida in May 1539. He took 9 ships, 620 men and 220 horses. He landed at a place he called Espiritu Santo, near today's Tampa Bay.

Phillip II, King of Spain, appointed Pedro Menendez de Aviles captain-general of the Treasure Fleet between Spain and America in 1554.

Tristan de Luna y Arellano established a Spanish settlement in today's Pensacola, Florida.

In 1562, Jean Ribault was sent to North America to settle a colony for France. Three ships with 150 French Huguenots, landed in Florida around present day Jacksonville.

In 1564, Frenchman Rene de Laudonniere, one of Ribault's lieutenants in the 1562 expedition, established Fort Caroline near the mouth of the St. Johns River.

King Phillip II of Spain learned of French intrusion onto Spanish lands in the New World.

The mission of Nombre de Dios was established around 1567, two years after St. Augustine was founded.

Frenchman Dominique de Gourgues attacked the Spanish Fort of San Mateo (formerly Fort Caroline) in 1568, spurred by the Spanish attack three years prior.

Coquina was discovered on Anastasia Island in 1580. Governor Pedro Menendez de Marquez ordered its official use because it was fireproof and readily available.