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In 1970 a Desegregation Law was passed down to the St. Johns County School Board, making it mandatory for all public schools to have both white and African American students.

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St. Augustine's City Hall is moved into the northern portion of the Lightner Museum, formally the Alcazar Hotel.

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In 1987, the City of St. Augustine drafted the Archaeology Preservation Ordinance.

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In 1995, The St. Augustine Historical Society opens a research library in the Segui-Kirby Smith House.

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Amerigo Vespucci was onboard several voyages that explored the east coast of South America between 1499 and 1502.

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Juan Ponce de Leon was the first Spanish explorer to record a visit to what is now Florida.

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King Charles I of Spain contracted Ferdinand Magellan, to find a westward route to the Spice Islands for Spain.

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Ponce de Leon returned to Florida in 1521, planning to establish a colony between the Caloosahatchee River and Charlotte Harbor on the west coast of Florida.

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Lucas Vazquez de Ayllon established the first named European settlement in what is now the continental U.S., San Miguel de Gualdape.

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Panfilo de Narvaez, Spanish Conquistador, led a failed expedition to Florida in 1527. Narvaez's expedition landed at Tampa Bay with 300 men in April 1528.

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Francisco Pizarro, Spanish Conquistador, conquered the great Incan Empire in Peru. Pizarro founded the city of Lima, on January 6, 1535.

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Hernando de Soto led an expedition to Florida in May 1539. He took 9 ships, 620 men and 220 horses. He landed at a place he called Espiritu Santo, near today's Tampa Bay.

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Phillip II, King of Spain, appointed Pedro Menendez de Aviles captain-general of the Treasure Fleet between Spain and America in 1554.

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Tristan de Luna y Arellano established a Spanish settlement in today's Pensacola, Florida.

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In 1562, Jean Ribault was sent to North America to settle a colony for France. Three ships with 150 French Huguenots, landed in Florida around present day Jacksonville.

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In 1564, Frenchman Rene de Laudonniere, one of Ribault's lieutenants in the 1562 expedition, established Fort Caroline near the mouth of the St. Johns River.

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King Phillip II of Spain learned of French intrusion onto Spanish lands in the New World.

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The mission of Nombre de Dios was established around 1567, two years after St. Augustine was founded.

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Frenchman Dominique de Gourgues attacked the Spanish Fort of San Mateo (formerly Fort Caroline) in 1568, spurred by the Spanish attack three years prior.

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Coquina was discovered on Anastasia Island in 1580. Governor Pedro Menendez de Marquez ordered its official use because it was fireproof and readily available.